CASE N°03 – Pneumocystis Pneumonia
Symptoms: Fever, non-productive cough, shortness of breath (especially on exertion), weight loss and night sweats
chest x-ray: shows widespread pulmonary infiltrates
Cytological material: bronchoalveolar lavage
The smear show many cysts of Pneumocystis carinii.
Pneumocystis pneumonia is a form of pneumonia, caused by the yeast-like fungus (which had previously been erroneously classified as a protozoan)
Pneumocystis is commonly found in the lungs of healthy people, but being a source of opportunistic infection it can cause a lung infection in people with a weak immune system. Pneumocystis pneumonia is especially seen in people with cancer, HIV/AIDS and the use of medications that affect the immune system.